Prevent West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis Risk

Snow Hill, Md. (August 28, 2013) – The Wicomico and Worcester County Health Departments received updated test results from the State of Maryland that a mosquito pool in southern Worcester County tested positive for Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE).  In Wicomico County, there was one pool that tested positive for West Nile Virus (WNV), one pool that tested positive for EEE, and an additional pool tested positive for both.  The pools were sampled in remote, low lying areas of the counties, usually known to have standing water year round. This is in addition to the single sample of mosquitoes from Ocean Pines that tested positive for WNV last week.  

West Nile Virus is most common during the summer and fall months and the number of infections usually peaks in mid-August. The virus is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and spread to humans, birds, horses and other animals. Since mosquitoes can breed in as little as a quarter inch of water, the recent rain may attract more mosquitoes.  Many factors impact when and where outbreaks occur, such as weather, numbers of mosquitoes that spread the virus, and human behavior.
 
The Wicomico and Worcester County Health Departments provide the following tips to help prevent contact with mosquitoes and reduce risk of infection by the West Nile virus and EEE:
 
  • Stay indoors at dawn and dusk.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outdoors.
  • Use an EPA-registered insect repellent and follow package instructions.
  • Get rid of mosquito breeding sites.
    • Remove all discarded tires from property.
    • Dispose of water-holding containers.
    • Change the water in pet dishes and replace the water in bird baths weekly.
    • Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out.
    • Keep children’s wading pools empty and on their sides when they are not in use.
 
Most people infected with West Nile virus will show no symptoms; however, some people may have mild to severe symptoms that may include swollen lymph glands, a rash, fever, headache, disorientation and others. The easiest and best way to avoid this virus is to prevent mosquito bites.
 
Signs and symptoms of Eastern Equine Encephalitis include fever, headache, irritability, restlessness, drowsiness, vomiting, diarrhea, cyanosis, convulsions, and coma. There are no medications to treat, or vaccines to prevent, EEE virus infection.  People with milder illnesses typically recover on their own, although symptoms may last for several weeks.  In more severe cases, patients often need to be hospitalized to receive supportive treatment, such as intravenous fluids, pain medication, and nursing care. Anyone who has symptoms that cause concern should contact a health care provider
 
For more tips and information about West Nile virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis, please visit our websites at http://worcesterhealth.org or http://wicomicohealth.org.
 
###
 
 
    
 

Substance Abuse Help

 

Zika Information

 

Rabies Information


     

WCHD News

Worcester County Health Department encourages residents to take part in the 2nd Annual 1 Billion Steps Challenge through the American Public Health Association. Last year, Worcester walked more than six million steps in the winter and spring, coming in third place among nearly 700 teams across the country. This year, taking part in 1 Billion Steps is easier than ever: individuals and teams can register online using the Stridekick app for smartphones and other devices. The challenge begins on January 1, 2018, and ends on April 8, 2018.

To sign up for Worcester Health's team on Stridekick, click here. For more information, call 410-632-0056.

Read more ...

Baltimore, MD (December 7, 2017) – The 14th Annual Maryland Health Equity Conference, which focuses on needed coordination, collaboration, and available opportunities to address population health and health disparities in Maryland, was held today in Baltimore.

Read more ... Due to inclement weather, the Just Walk Making Strides event scheduled for today is rescheduled for 5-6 p.m. on October 18 at Byrd Park in Snow Hill. For more information, please call 410-632-0056.  Read more ... Maryland’s Minority Health office nets $1 million grant, largest in its history. Funds from U.S. HHS to boost healthcare access in Prince George’s County.
 
Baltimore, MD (September 16, 2015) – The Maryland Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities (MHHD) has received its largest grant since its establishment in 2004. MHHD received a five-year grant award totaling $1million from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Minority Health’s State Partnership Grant Program to Improve Minority Health.   Read more ...
Residents are reminded to take precautions to reduce risk during summer, fall
 
Baltimore, MD (August 18, 2015) – The Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) today is announcing the first confirmed and locally acquired case of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Maryland this year. The infected individual is an adult who lives in the Baltimore Metropolitan region. In addition, WNV also has been detected in mosquito pools collected in Anne Arundel and Prince George’s counties. A mosquito pool is a group of mosquitoes collected at one of several trap sites across the state.
Read more ...
 Lower Shore Health Insurance Assistance Program